Understanding Fallacies

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Appeal to Motive in Place of Support

Prejudicial Language

Loaded or emotive terms are used to attach value or moral goodness to believing the proposition.

Example

  1. Right thinking Americans will agree with me that we should have another free vote on capital punishment.
  2. A reasonable person would agree that our income statement is too low.
  3. Representative Akin claims that the new tax rate will reduce the deficit. (Here, the use of "claims" implies that what Akin says is false.)
  4. The proposal is likely to be resisted by the bureaucrats on Congressional Hill. (Compare this to: The proposal is likely to be rejected by officials on Congressional Hill.)

Proof

Identify the prejudicial terms used (eg. "Right thinking American" or "A reasonable person"). Show that disagreeing with the conclusion does not make a person "wrong thinking" or "unreasonable".

Reference

Cedarblom and Paulsen: 153, Davis: 62

Reference Guide
Fallacy Summary

The content of this Fallacy originated from Stephen Downes Guide to Logical Fallacies.

 

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