Understanding Fallacies

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Appeal to Motive in Place of Support

Appeal to Force
(argumentum ad baculum)

The reader is told that unpleasant consequences will follow if they do not agree with the author.


  1. You had better agree that the new company policy is the best bet if you expect to keep your job.
  2. NAFTA is wrong, and if you don't vote against NAFTA then we will vote you out of office.
  3. In "God We Trust" is an indication the value of our currency can be trusted.


Identify the threat and the proposition and argue that the threat is unrelated to the truth or falsity of the proposition.


Cedarblom and Paulsen: 151, Copi and Cohen:

Reference Guide
Fallacy Summary

The content of this Fallacy originated from Stephen Downes Guide to Logical Fallacies.


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