Understanding Fallacies

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Non Sequitur

Denying the Antecedent

Any argument of the following form is invalid:
If A then B
Not A
Therefore, Not B

Example

  1. if you get hit by a car when you are six then you will die young. But you were not hit by a car when you were six. Thus you will not die young. (Of course, you could be hit by a train at age seven, in which case you still die young.)
  2. If I am in Calgary then I am in Alberta. I am not in Calgary, thus, I am not in Alberta.

Proof

Show that even though the premises are true, the conclusion may be false. In particular, show that the consequence B may occur even though A does not occur.

Reference

Barker: 69, Cedarblom and Paulsen: 26, Copi and Cohen: 241

Reference Guide
Fallacy Summary

The content of this Fallacy originated from Stephen Downes Guide to Logical Fallacies.

 

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